KING TOUR

Dicover the city of Berlin and the marks of Dr. King, Jr.

Here   you   will   find   a   small   part   of   our   research   and   the   results   of   our   work.   Unfortunately, we   can   not   provide   you   with   all   data   for   copyright   reasons.   We   will   be   happy   to   show   you historical documents and exhibits in the guided tours of the exhibition and the city tours. The   QR   code   records   the   locations   where   an   active   King   code   already   exists.   There   you can download further information by scanning. 
Audioguide

Tempelhof Airport

Martin   Luther   King,   Jr.   arrived   at   Tempelhof   Airport   in   the   early   afternoon   of   Saturday   12 th   September   1964.   Besides   King   his   friend   and   employee   Rev.   Ralph   Abernathy   was   part   of the   American   Delegation.   The   American   guests   were   welcomed   cordially   on   the   airfield just   by   the   plane   by   the   Major   Superintendent   of   West   Berlin,   Hans   Martin   Helbich,   and the Berlin Senator for Culture Werner Stein. In   the   morning   of   14 th    September   1964   King   and   Abernathy   left   already   Berlin   and   flew from Tempelhof to Munich. Tempelhof   Airport   is   Berlin’s   second-oldest   airport.   During   the   blockade   of   Berlin   1948/49 it   was   essential   for   the   transport   of   medicine   and   food      for   the   citizens   of   West   Berlin   and became   a   symbol   of   freedom.   By   1971   5,5   million   passengers   used   the   airport   anually.   In 1975    Tegel    Airport    was    opened    so    air    traffic    from    Tempelhof    was    discontinued      temporarily.   In   1985   small   airlines   and   and   business   travellers   flew   from   the   airport again. The   impressive   building   from   the   time   of   National-Socialism,   whose   inner   construction was    never    really    finished,    was    declared    a    national    heritage    site    in    1995    and    is    thus protected from demolition. In   October   2008   all   traffic   from   Tempelhof   Airport   ceased.   Currently   there   are   many   ideas and   plans   for   the   usage   of   the   building   and   the   airfield.   Today   the   “Tempelhofer   Feld”   is   a kind   of   public   park,   a   place   where   events   take   place   or   where   the   Berlin   citizens   or international guests can relax and enjoy their stay. Guesthouse of the Senate                                                                As   a   guest   of   the   mayor   of   Berlin   Willy   Brandt   King   stayed   for   two   nights   in   the   guesthose of   the   senate,   Menzelstraße.   In   the   evening   of   12th   September   1964   he   held   a   press conference there. The   stately   villa   in   Grunewald   was   built   in   1923.   In   1927   the   merchant   Israel   Kurt   Kranz bought   the   impressive   building   and   lived   there   until   1933.   Kranz   had   to   put   the   villa   up for   compulsory   sale   because   the   Nazis   forced   him   to   do   so   because   of   his   Jewish   faith. The   OHG   A.E.   Wassermann   and   the   merchant   Walter   Pikuritz   (in   Berlin   known   as   the „sugar   king“   too)   bought   the   house   in   1938.      After   the   World   War   ll   the   building   was severely   damaged.   Therefore,   in   1950,   a   complete   rebuilding   process   started.   In   1964 Berlin   bought   the   house   and   used   it   until   2003   as   a   place   to   stay   for   guests   of   the   Senate. In   October   2003   the   building   was   sold   to   the   Korean   Republic   which   has   used   the   building as an embassy since 2006. City Hall Schöneberg  The   official   reception   of   Martin   Luther   King,   Jr.   happened   in   the   Rathaus   Schöneberg,   on the   13 th     September   1964.   The   current   mayor,   Willy   Brandt,   presents   the   liberty   bell   to King   as   a   gift.   After   some   words   of   gratitude   Marin   Luther   King,   Jr.   signs   the   Golden   Book of the city of Berlin. Afterwards   Willy   Brandt   and   Martin   Luther   King   Jr.   drive   to   the   opening   of   the   14th   Berlin Festival in the Philharmonie at the Potsdamer Platz. The   Rathaus   Schöneberg   was   built   between   1911   and   1914.   All   the   representative   rooms are   aligned   to   John   F.   Kennedy   Square,   while   the   administrative   offices   are   located   in   the rear   building   sections.   Until   December   1990,   Rathaus   Schöneberg   was   not   only   the   seat of    the    Berlin    House    of    representatives    but    also    the    seat    of    the    governing    mayor. Therefore,   all   government   receipts,   such   as   the   speech   of   John   F.   Kennedy.   It   was   made famous   not   only   by   the   speech   of   the   American   president   and   his   words   “Ich   bin   ein Berliner”,   but   also   by   the   liberty   bell,   which   hangs   in   the   tower   since   1950.   It   is   the   largest profane    bell    in    the    city.    It    was    modelled    after    the    American    Independence    bell    and financed   from   donations.   Officially,   the   donations   came   from   private   individuals,   but   in fact the funding was supported by the US government and the CIA.  
arrival Tempelhof Airport/ Helbich, Grüber, King, Abernathy, Stein/ pic: private Helbich
Guesthouse 1975 / pic: Landesarchiv Berlin
reception by the korean ambassador 2013 / king-code
students of the king-code made drawings in 2013 pic: king-code
City Hall Schöneberg, Mayor Brandt prensets the liberty bell to King / pic: Landesarchiv Berlin
City Hall Schöneberg, City’s Golden Book with the sign of  Dr. King, Jr. / pic: king-code