KING TOUR

Berlin Philharmonic In   the   Philharmonic   the   opening   concert   of   the   14th   Berlin   Festwochen   took      place   on   13 September   1964   at   11   o'clock.   This   concert   is   officially   designed   as   a   memorial   service   for John   F.   Kennedy.   Various   choirs   (including   the   Choir   of   St.   Hedwig's   Cathedral   and   the choir   of   the   "Black   Nativity   Play")   sing   chorales,   gospels   and   spirituals.   The   Governing Mayor,   Willy   Brand,   had   personally   asked   Martin   Luther   King   jr   to   hold   the   memorial.   In his   speech,   King   not   only   recalled   the   famous   words   of   the   American   president,   "I   am   a Berliner," but emphasized the importance of Kennedy's work for freedom and justice. The   Philharmonic   was   built   between   1960   and   1963   according   to   the   designs   of   Hans Scharoun   as   the   first   building   of   today's   cultural   forum.   Its   gold-yellow,   luminous   exterior façade   is   as   impressive   as   the   tent   architecture   of   the   building.   This   tent   architecture   is also   felt   in   the   large   concert   hall.   Due   to   the   asymmetrical   design   and   the   placement   of the   spectators   around   the   stage,   the   hall   offers   not   only   excellent   acoustics,   but   also interesting    perspectives    on    singers    and    musicians.    The    hall    has    2250    seats.    The Philharmonic   Hall   also   houses   the   Chamber   Music   Hall   (1180   seats)   and   the   Museum   of Instruments.   Both   parts   of   the   building   were   later   added.   Visitors   to   the   Philharmonic now    enter    the    building    from    the    former    entrance,    which    is    located    between    the Philharmonic   Hall   and   the   Chamber   Music   Hall.   The   representative   main   entrance,   with   a forecourt,   is   towards   the   Tiergarten.   At   the   time   of   the   edification   and   until   1989,   the Berlin   Wall   ran   along   Potsdamer   Platz.   The   whole   area   was   undeveloped   by   the   border. The   station   Potsdamer   Platz   was   a   so-called   "ghost   station"   -   in   which   the   S-Bahn   trains did   not   stop.   Visitors   went   by   bus   or   car   to   the   Philharmonic.   With   the   fall   of   the   Wall,   the redesign   of   Potsdamer   Platz   and   the   opening   of   the   station   this   changed.   Therefore   the "rear    entrance"    and    parts    of    the    foyer    were    redesigned    and    received    in    2009    a representative letter.      

Stallschreiberstraße

The   Stallschreiberstraße   is   located   in   the   district   Friedrichhain-Kreuzberg.   The   wall   has been   running   along   this   road   since   1961.   The   border   installations   have   been   reinforced several   times   since   the   construction   of   the   Berlin   Wall.   In   the   wall   strip   there   are   several border   fences   with   barbed   wire   before   you   reach   the   actual   wall   to   West   Berlin.   In   the early    morning    hours    of    September    13,    1964,    the    21-year-old    jockey    Michael    Meyer escaped   to   the   West   via   the   border   installations   in   the   Starnschreiberstrasse.   Meyer   was shot   several   times   by   the   border   policemen   with   machine   guns   and   was   severely   injured on   the   wall   to   West   Berlin.   Residents   of   the   Stubenschreiberstrasse   had   noticed   the   flight and   informed   the   police.   It   was   only   thanks   to   the   courageous   behavior   of   a   US   sergeant that   Michael   Meyer   was   saved.   He   threw   a   rope   to   the   refugee   and   finally   went   over   the wall.    With    the    rescue,    Sergeant    Puhl    violated    the    law,    as    he    threatened    the    border policemen   with   the   firearm   and   damaged   the   border   installations.   The   GDR   authorities are    protesting    against    this    incident.    Puhl    deliberately    violated    the    law    -    hears    his conscience   and   thereby   saves   a   human   life.   For   this   "heroic   act"   the   US   sergeant   of   the the   US   sergeant   was   honored   by   the   Governing   Mayor   Willy   Brandt.   When   Martin   Luther King   jr.   heard   of   the   flight,   he   went   to   the   Starnschreiberstraße.   King   spoke   to   residents   of House   No.   42   and   inspected   the   numerous   bullet   holes   in   the   windows   and   façade.   He went   directly   to   the   wall   and   showed   himself   shaken   by   this   tragic   incident.   Michael Meyer   was   also   treated   in   the   Urban   Hospital.   Following   his   testimony,   Martin   Luther   King jr   visited   him   in   the   hospital   together   with   Axel   Springer.   Today   a   commemorative   placard reminds us of this escape attempt. radio interview with Michael Meyer:  Potsdamer Platz The   pictures   with   Martin   Luther   King   jr.   In   front   of   the   border   installations   at   Potsdamer Platz are part of a city tour. Potsdamer   Platz   is   one   of   the   most   important   and   oldest   traffic   intersections   in   the   inner city   of   Berlin.   That   is   why   it   was   one   of   the   most   lively   places   in   Berlin   (even   Europe)   until the   Second   World   War,   and   was   a   popular   meeting   place   for   art,   culture   and   politics.   After the   bombing   of   the   Allies,   Potzdamer   Platz   was   half   ruined.   With   the   division   of   the   city became   the   place   to   the   "Dreiländereck"   with   a   blooming   black   market.   From   1961,   the square   was   actually   a   border   area,   in   which   nearly   all   buildings   were   demolished   in   the 1970s.   At   no   point   in   the   wall   was   the   death   row   so   wide.   The   Berlin   Senate   (West   Berlin) bought   the   numerous   ruin   grounds   (among   other   things   for   security   reasons)   to   tear them    down    as    well.    Until    1989,    the    entire    area    was    "dead."    After    1990,    the    life    at Potsdamer    Platz    slowly    began    to    pulsate    again.    New    quarters    were    created    that characterize today's cityscape and attract countless tourists.  
Commemoration in Philharmonic Hall / pic: Bundesarchiv 
program of the commemoration / pic: Berliner Festspiele 
King, Jr. talked with residents / pic: akg images 
contemporary witness M. Meyer 2013 / pic: king code 
Potsdamer Platz 1964 / pic: Ev. Landeskirchearchiv Berlin
copyright by GJW-BB/ King-Code Projekt 2015